18 Types of Saws

Types of saws are differential by based on used type, size and model

Different Types of Saw

Hand Saws

Hand saws are one of the most ancient types of saws. They have mostly been multidimensional in use, for example, a traditional hand saw while other types of hand saws were created for specialised uses. The main aim of making these saws was to cut wood. The hand saws are structurally designed in such a way that the distance present between the teeth is essential as the blocks of wood do not get stuck and can be disposed of while working. These hand saws can be differently designed for different purposes such as framing or decoration work. The main reason for manufacturing hand saws is to cut solid wood, wood boards and chipboards. 

Back Saw

Back saws consist of a narrow blade that is fixed at the top and a back saw is generally a shorter type of saw endowed with a band of steel or brass that spreads along the back of the blade. The back saw is predominantly used as a cutting tool due to the presence of sharp and serrated teeth on the blade of a saw. Care should be taken to use the back saw fitted with a clamp otherwise this type of saw may lead to injuries. The main use of back saw is to make hollows in the woods as they are extremely efficient and are used to make cuts at an angle. 

Fine Saw

The fine saw is characterised by a blade with is rectangle in shape and is much thinner which is balanced by the presence of a bar from the above. The fine saw is mainly used for making exact and fine cuts.

Bow Saw

One of the frequently used outdoor saws is the bow saw as they contain a longer blade and they possess teeth that are transverse in nature and are designed for rigorous pushing and pulling. The main application of bow saws is for the purpose of felling trees and also to cut out its branches. Bow saws have blades which are placed over a steel hoop and they also have interchangeable teeth. 

Coping Saw

Coping saw consists of a blade which is thin as well as narrow and is extremely accurate for finishing work and other types of cutting purposes. These are the preferred saws used by carpenters as well as plumbers. 

Crosscut Saw

Crosscut saw mainly consists of a thick blade and there are mostly double-handed saws with a handle on each side of the blade and hence also called felling saws. Crosscut saws also have teeth which are huge and bevelled. The presence of double-handed crosscut saw enables to be used by two people at the same time for purposes such as cutting a tree trunk. 

Japanese Saw

Originally manufactured in Japan, this type of saw is being used extensively in Europe and America now. Japanese saw consists of very sharp teeth and thin and flexible blades which makes it very useful for the purpose of making fine cuts. 


One of the most commonly used saw is the hack saw as it is lightweight and can be used for many purposes such as cutting wood, metal, plastic-like pipes and hoses. 

Frame Saws

Also known as tension saw, frame saws structurally consist of two saw vertical arms and a saw bar all of which are organised in an H shape. These types of saws can be put into use for cutting and trimming as its stainless steel blades are perfect for use in dry wood. Frame saws also contain teeth which enable fine cutting work and as the blade tip is very pointed, frame saws are also used for working in tight spaces.

Jab Saw

Jab saws are also called keyhole saws as it contains a circular handle and a blade that opens from its top. The main application of the jab saw is where city cutting in patterns is required and the desired space is difficult to access. 

Veneer Saw

This type of saw is called so as it is used to cut sheets of wood approximately 0.5 mm thick which are set apart from the truck which is later adhered to the blockboard which acts as the carrier. 


These types of saws are used for extremely precise works because of the presence of thin and long blades. Its major drawback is the fact that fretsaw is not rotatable which makes the cutting work more tedious.

Pruning Saw

Similar to a knife, the pruning saw consists of a blade that is curved and enables cutting at right angles easily and this type of saw is manufactured using stainless steel and the withdrawal movement of the saw does all the cutting work. The pruning saws are mainly used for sawing off branches selectively.

Drywall Saw

Drywall saw is characterised by a blade that is essentially wider and shorter and contains a forked edge. The main use of drywall saw is to create holes for further work. 

Two-man Saws

Also known as farm or forest saws, two-man saws are operated by the presence of two individuals and mainly used to do forest work as they are large types of saws. 

Electric Circular Saw 

These types of more modern saws contain disc-shaped blades and are endowed with sharp teeth which enable precision cutting either in a straight or curved line and are mainly the go-to saws for hobby enthusiasts who prefer using a battery-operated saw. 


Jigsaw is another multi-purpose saw that can be used both indoors as well as outdoors and can be used both while working on either wood or plaster. Being compact in size, jigsaws are extremely easy to use especially for do it yourself projects aiming to making clean cuts by amateurs. 

Plunge Saw

Consisting of a circular disc, a plunge saw contains guide rails which allow for cutting of even thick wood mainly due to the presence of a powerful motor and can be applied for use in various processes such as cutting, chopping and cutting in a particular angle. 

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